Do I Need Planning Permission For Wind Turbines

Guidance specific to Scotland only.

The information below relates to domestic wind turbines only.

Do I need planning permission for a wind turbine?

What is planning permision?

Planning permission may NOT be required (permitted development) for a wind turbine if the following criteria is met.

  • Only one wind turbine is installed within the property boundary.
  • The wind turbine is sited at least 100 metres from a neighbours boundary.
  • The wind turbine does not generate more than 50 kilowatts.
  • Your property is NOT in a conservation area.
  • The wind turbine is NOT within the ground of a listed building. (Not sure if your property is listed? Visit PastMap or Historic Environment Scotland to find out.)

Although planning permission may not be required Do I Need Permission recommend you obtain a “Certificate of Lawfulness”. This is confirmation from your local planning department that your proposed wind turbine does not require planning permission. You may require this should you sell your home.

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If your proposed wind turbine does not meet the above criteria you will need to apply for planning permission. More information on applying for planning permission below.

What is required for a wind turbine planning application?

Scottish legislation requires specific information is provided for all planning applications. A planning application for a wind turbine should consist of the following information.

  • A description of the proposed development.
  • Details of the applicant and owners.
  • The required fee. (where applicable)
  • Ordnance survey based location plan.
  • Block plan/site plan.
  • Detailed information on your proposed wind turbine.
  • Supplementary information as required for your specific project.

Your local architectural service provider or renewable energy specialist will be able to individually assess your specific requirements. Find an Architect, Architectural Technician, or Planner to help with your project on Do I Need Permissions Who Can Help Pages.

If you are considering lodging your own planning application you can submit your planning application online at the Scottish government’s e-planning website. Submitting your planning application online can save time and money. The e-planning website will also provide you with a checklist of information required for your application. Visit the Scottish government’s e-planning website to get started.

Take a look at Do I Need Permissions planning permission Scotland guide for information on preparing and lodging a planning application.

How much does planning permission cost?

You should consult with your local planning department to find out how much the fee for your  planning application will be. This fee is payable to your local council.

You may be asked to pay additional fees for advertising your planning application, normally in a local newspaper. This can happen when the planning department cannot find contact details for neighbours that are required to be notified or when neighbouring land has no buildings on. This fee varies but is normally around £110. The planning department will notify you if this is required.

View planning permission fees for other projects on Do I Need Permissions planning fees Scotland page.

The fee for architectural drawings varies depending on your individual requirements. Find an Architect, Architectural Technician, or Planner to help with your project on Do I Need Permissions Who Can Help Pages.

How long does planning permission take?

Planning permission can take between 6-8 weeks for a decision. Your planning application can be refused if found to be unsuitable. A decision may take longer if your proposals are complex or further information is required.

Most councils allow you to track the progress of your application on-line. You can also see if anyone has commented on your proposals. Visit Do I Need Permissions view planning applications in my area page to find your local planning department website.

If you are considering lodging your own planning application you can submit your planning application online at the Scottish government’s e-planning website. Submitting your planning application online can save time and money. Visit the Scottish government’s e-planning website to get started.

How is my planning application decided?

Your application will be allocated to a planning officer. They may visit your property and consider comments from the public or other relevant bodies and take account of the Development Plan and other national policy and advice. Some applications will be decided by members of a planning committee. Your local council will delegate some decision making to your allocated planning officer. The planning department will notify you of how it intends to decide your application and of the decision.

Your planning application can be refused. If your application is refused you have a right to request either.

  • An appeal to Scottish Ministers.
  • Or a review by the planning departments local review board.

Only one of these options will be available depending on your specific application. The option available to you will be explained in early correspondence from the planning department and once your application has progressed and a decision has been made. If you are unsure you should contact your local planning department or architectural service provider for advice.

With any appeal or review you will be required to provide valid reasons or supporting information as to why your application should be approved.

How long does planning permission last?

Planning permission is valid for 3 years from the date of approval. Works should be started within this time period.

Your planning approval will become invalid if you do not start your project within this time period. In some cases an extension may be granted. You should contact your local planning department should you wish to discuss extending your planning permission.

Guidance specific to England only.

The information below relates to domestic wind turbines only.

Do I need planning permission for a wind turbine?

  • Permitted development rights for building mounted wind turbines apply only to installations on detached houses (not blocks of flats) and other detached buildings within the boundaries of a house or block of flats. A block of flats must consist wholly of flats (e.g. should not also contain commercial premises).
  • Development is permitted only if the building mounted wind turbine installation complies with the Microgeneration Certification Scheme Planning Standards or equivalent standards.
  • The installation must not be sited on safeguarded land. An Aviation Safeguarding Tool can be used to check whether the installation will be on safeguarded land.
  • Only the first installation of any wind turbine would be permitted development, and only if there is no existing air source heat pump at the property. Additional wind turbines or air source heat pumps at the same property requires an application for planning permission.
  • No part (including blades) of the building mounted wind turbine should protrude more than three metres above the highest part of the roof (excluding the chimney) or exceed an overall height (including building, hub and blade) of 15 metres, whichever is the lesser.
  • The distance between ground level and the lowest part of any wind turbine blade must not be less than five metres.
  • No part of the building mounted wind turbine (including blades) must be within five metres of any boundary.
  • The swept area of any building mounted wind turbine blade must be no more than 3.8 square metres.
  • In Conservation Areas, an installation is not permitted if the building mounted wind turbine would be on a wall or roof slope which fronts a highway.
  • Permitted development rights do not apply to a turbine within the curtilage of a Listed Building or within a site designated as a Scheduled Monument or on designated land* other than Conservation Areas.

In addition, the following conditions must also be met. The wind turbine must :

  • use non-reflective materials on blades.
  • be removed as soon as reasonably practicable when no longer needed for microgeneration.
  • be sited, so far as practicable, to minimise its effect on the external appearance of the building and its effect on the amenity of the area.

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How much will wind turbines cost?


Further information on Wind Turbine

Do I Need Building Warrant for a Wind Turbine

 

Do I Need Permission Wind Turbines Hints and Tips

 

Do I Need Planning Permission Scotland | Who Can Help

 

Do I Need Planning Permission Scotland | Project Cost Estimator